University of Sydney Archives


Personal Archives of A P Elkin University of Sydney Archives Series 5, Box 19, Item 42 Notes on the Social Organisation of the Mangarai and Alawa Tribes Contains three pages headed - Elsey Blacks, 30 May 1947, Sheila's copy Note I have added some information from the book 'Tell the White Man' by H E Thonemann, published by Collins in 1949. The Thornemann additions are in italics. Copyright Paul Mackett, 2006 Name Aboriginal Name Age/Born Relation Nym Kalbudu 53y Head (Father is Malambian. Mother is Dolp. Head of tribe.) Rosie Mangemi Wife (First husband is brother of Nym.) Ginger Child (Father is Badjabaran. Mother is Rosie. At Roper Valley. Wife is Jessie (see Manbulloo Billy below).) Morticia Boninin (Kimmia) 27y Child (Father is Badjabaran. Mother is Rosie. Wife is Peggy (Dick's), below.) Maudie Egullah (Ming-a) 53y Wife (In pencil is added Annie who may be a wife or other relation of Nym.) [Thonemann, 1949 Nym (Kalbudu) - Now aged 53 years and headman of the Mungari. Has two lubras, Maudie, his own, and Old Rosie, his late brother's lubra. Nalambian (male) and Dolp (female) Children are (1) One Eyed George (Kulumburma, Karadjac), married Kulbin (2) Nym (Kalbudu), born 187-, married Maudie (3) Baidjabaran, born 185-, married Rosie (Magema), born 187- Rosie's parents were Old Cordil, born 182-, and Mondanta (Kuria-Kuriak), born 185- Baidjabaran and Rosie (Magema) had children (a) Banaii (dead) married Nora (Lorrie) (Alalgilibi) and child is (i) Lightning (Ralnyin) (b) Dick (Ginger), dead (c) Bunny (Buludja), see below Bunny (Buludja) born 1899, married Lennie (Manabodori), born 1897 Children are (1) Baby, killed 1927 (2) Baby, killed 1930 (3) Laurie (Pidja-Lalan), born 1934 (4) Tommy (Mulululu), born 1936 (5) Janie (Ibuluma), born 1937 (6) Katie (Gabud), born 1939 (7) June (Djamadwarigia), born 1944] Manbulloo Billy Gelna-ngin 64y Head Manbulloo Maudie Wife Bet Bet (Florrie) 194? Daughter Sheila (Dolly) Yanbarck 1940 Daughter Clancy Manynin 1934 (?10y) Son Jessie 1933 Daughter (Husband is Ginger, above.) Old Dick (Jungle Dick) Badbock 78y Head (Father is Old Goggle Eye.) Topsy Kirung 50y Wife (Father is Manacle. Mother is Annie (Rosie crossed out.) Lily Wanil 30y Daughter (Husband is Puzzle) Elsey Dick Willigear / Wilidjiga 29y Son (Mother is Topsy.) Olga Gom-a-gerra / Kamadjal 27y Daughter (Children are (1) Hickey (2) David (1/2) (3) Sandy (3) (4) Talbot (2) (5) Olive (6), born 1941, dead May be another daughter.) Peggie Collar Blob / Kalaplop 21y Daughter (Husband is Mortica, above.) Mary Nornie / Nuni 14y Daughter (Husband is Big Mouth Charlie.) Rosie Jalgwith / Djalgut 12y Larry Larrakin / Tanma 9y Son Nancy Tall-a-bot / Djuloina 4y Daughter [Thonemann, 1949 Goggle-Eye (Bilamak) - Father of Jungle Dick and Chief of Yungman before him. Alive from about 1830 to 1902. Jungle Dick (Badbok) - Now aged 78 years. Chief of the Yungman tribe. Clever and sagacious. Eight children by his lubra, Topsy, still living. Son of former headman Old Goggle Eye (Bilamak). Topsy (Kerung) - Jungle Dick's lubra. Mary - Jungle Dick and Topsy's piccaninny. The first to benefit from the Elsey Plan to give mothers 'tucker'.] Mataranka Nym Waibaranga Head (Father is Old Charlie (Djinbinmala).) Kitty Warwul Wife (Father is One Eyed George. Mother is Old Maggie.) Nipper Ibadawun 42y Head (Father is Cockatoo George. Mother is Wandjimara.) Dinah Mavalwalwal Wife (Mission girl. Can read and write.) Morris 2y Son Joseph 1y Son (Also an older child.) Algy Lidjinwara 48y Head (Father is Old Charlie. Mother is Lucy (deceased).) Mary Kai Kai (Cook Cookoo) 37y Wife Dinah Yadadja 8y Daughter Dora H/C Bil Bil 8.12.1943 (4y) Daughter Cranky Dakin Ngungari (Oongarri) 36y Head (Father is Big Jack. Mother is Djoroi?. Good worker but cheeky. Brother to Fred.) Clara Pudil-pudil 43y Wife Ida Daughter Jack Son Rosie Daughter (Three children away (where).) Elsey Paddy Munyalk (Mongalk) 57y Head Laurie Yamunmadji 44y Wife Unnamed (dead) Child Albert (dead) Son Andrew 24y Son Lorna 8y Daughter [Thonemann, 1949 Elsey Paddy (Munyaik) - An Elsey Camp cook.] Little One Eyed Dakin Kanadjadja 36y Head (Father is Old Billy. Mother is Djorai. One Eye Dakin is Paddy Nellie's second Husband.) Paddy Nellie Minbundugu 50y Wife Bigfoot John Nannanyen 22y Child Bobby (now Roy) Di-wait-baiti 20y Child (Native name also given as Nannanyen.) Big Jack (dead) Wuhindjauan 54y Head (Mother is Waraba (Rosie, dead). Loafer. Leper.) Daisy Madauul 41y Wife (Father is Djuworor. Mother is Naimomo.) Eva Yarawada 22y Child (Husband is Reggie. Son is Joe. Leper suspect negative. Joe is Alex McDonald's son.) Willie Wando / Winedoor 17y Child Rita Talul 16y Child Splinter Kulinga / Coolina 11y Child (Note says Dr Cooks.) Henry Mutguttugu 5.19.1936 (10y) Child [Thonemann, 1949 Eva (Yarawada) - Now aged 22 years. Daughter of Leper Big Jack. Suspected of leprosy at the same time as Bunny. Sister of Wando (Willie). Willie (Wando) - Eva's brother. Now aged 17 years and training as a stockboy.] Smiler Banangala 42y Head (Father is Old Kimberley. Mother is Mary. Good stockboy. Goes with Violet of Mataranka and Nym's Maudie.) Leana Wadigiyl Wife (Father is Old Sambo. Mother is Topsy (not Dick's).) Unnamed H/C Maraliai Son (Possibly in Darwin. Note says Darwin?.) Old Rosie Mungamer Unsure (This entry crossed out.) Hickey Djanbwion 46y Head (Mother is Nurubadu (?Leana).) Olga Kamadja 28y Wife (Father is Jungle Dick. Mother is Topsy).) Big Sandy 11y Child Talbot 2y 6m Child David Child Olive (also Molly, dead) 6. 2.1941 Child [Thonemann, 1949 Goggle-Eye (Bilamak) - Father of Jungle Dick and Chief of Yungman before him. Alive from about 1830 to 1902. Jungle Dick (Badbok) - Now aged 78 years. Chief of the Yungman tribe. Clever and sagacious. Eight children by his lubra, Topsy, still living. Son of former headman Old Goggle Eye (Bilamak). Topsy (Kerung) - Jungle Dick's lubra.] Shadforth Paddy 37y Head (Foster father is Rambo. Mother is Bogbari (Laurie). Maranboy tribe. Cocky.) Lulu Djirimbiyimga 29y Wife Biddy 14y Child Unnamed (dead) 1946 Child Daylight Naiinggu 11y Child Fanny Maidad 42y Wife Jackeroo Liyauwi 12y Child (Lent Conway 1947.) Erica Yoyol 8y Child Tony (dead) Child (Also mentions Dawn February 1947. May be dead child above or a new child.) [Thonemann, 1949 Shadforth Paddy (Kalyani) - One of the Elsey stockmen. Lulu (Djirim Birinba) - Shadforth Paddy's second lubra, and a house girl. Biddy (Mairora) - Shadforth Paddy and Lulu's daughter. An excellent young house girl. Dawn - Biddy's piccaninny.] Puzzle Belewoka 36y Head (Father is Old Billy-Longa net?. Mother is Nellie.) Lily (Dick's) Wanil 30y Wife (Father is Dick. Mother is Annie.) Jackeroo George Idayaga 42y Head (Father is Old Billie. Mother is Rosie Pilginya.) Alice Karakalin 50y Wife (Father is Charlie. Mother is Rosie.) [Thonemann, 1949 Jabiru George (Idaraga) - Now aged 42 years and a Buk Buk (elder) of the Djauan tribe. A great rider and fisherman, married to Alice. Father is Old Billie of the Djauan tribe.. Alice (Karakai'im) - An Elsey house girl. Old Billie - Jabiru George's father, died about 1910.] Lightning Ralnyng 45y Head (Father is Bungau. Mother is Giliba-more.) Mary Ann Malamlam Wife May Unsure (This entry crossed out. May's father is Cranky Dick at Hodgson.) Ida Kandababina Wife (From Nutwood.) May Mambuaraga Child (Father is Charlie Sweeny. Mother is Bie-an. Cockatoo George Was Amy's boy.) [Thonemann, 1949 Nalambian (male) and Dolp (female) Children are (1) One Eyed George (Kulumburma, Karadjac), married Kulbin (2) Nym (Kalbudu), born 187-, married Maudie (3) Baidjabaran, born 185-, married Rosie (Magema), born 187- Rosie's parents were Old Cordil, born 182-, and Mondanta (Kuria-Kuriak), born 185- Baidjabaran and Rosie (Magema) had children (a) Banaii (dead) married Nora (Lorrie) (Alalgilibi) and child is (i) Lightning (Ralnyin) (b) Dick (Ginger), dead (c) Bunny (Buludja), see below Mary Ann (Malamlam) - Lightning's lubra.] Sandy Batdjang Head (Father is Mulligan.) Olive Wife (Tribe is Ngalakan. Father is Brindle Paddy. Mother is Violet.) Eileen (now Agnes crossed out) Child Joseph Child Victor 16. 4.1946 Child Maggie 70y Head (Mother is Maggie. Arrow from this entry to nowhere. Appears to have been crossed out then reinstated.) Duncan George Igaiwun 45y Unsure (Was married to Queenie, now Maggie. Foster son.) Mataranka Nipper 42y Head (Great rider, Mataranka, half mad.) (Any relation ship between Mataranka Nipper and Bigfoot John is not stated.) Bigfoot John Ideddedba 25y Head (Father is Nellie's Paddy. Mother is Paddy's Paddy. Has brother Bobby in Darwin.) Ida Djaluura Wife (Any relation ship between Mataranka Nipper and Bigfoot John is not stated.) Broncho Yaniman 43y Head (Father is Harry (Bungaii). Mother is Norah (Giliba).) Maudie Ibaragba Wife (Father is Tony. Mother is Daisy (ex Maggie).) Ida (also Ada) 12y Child Dicky Dick Umdad / Oom-dad Head (A Roper Valley boy.) May Nambuwaraga Wife (Father is Cranky Dick. Mother is Ida. May is the step-daughter of Ida.) Fred Djik Djik 36y Head (Father is Bungaii. Mother is Giliba Nora. Broncho's brother lent Conway 30. 4.1941.) Rita (Minnie crossed out) Wife (Father is Conway Nym. Mother is Wurin Daisy.) Hedrick Burandjina Head (Leper Darwin 10.10.1938.) Bluebell Burgin Wife (Father is Cranky Dick. Mother is Janie. Been at Mission. Belongs Hodgson.) [Thonemann, 1949 Hedrick (Barandjina) - Son of Cranky Dick and Bluebell's kalban (husband). Although a Hodgson boy he works at the Elsey and is a great stockman. Bluebell (Burgin) - Hedrick's lubra of the Mara tribe. An excellent house girl who has worked both at Hodgson Downs and at The Elsey.] Lennie Mangaboric 48y Head (Father is Allbe (Albie).) Bunny Buludja 45y Wife (Father is Batsir Baron. Mother is Rosie (Mayema). Leper suspect 1947.) Unnamed (dead) Child Unnamed (dead) Child Laurie Pidjalalan 1934 Child (Married Nelson May 1946.) Tommy Roper 1936 Child Janie 1937 Child Katie 5. 9.1939 Child June 1943 Child [Thonemann, 1949 Nalambian (male) and Dolp (female) Children are (1) One Eyed George (Kulumburma, Karadjac), married Kulbin (2) Nym (Kalbudu), born 187-, married Maudie (3) Baidjabaran, born 185-, married Rosie (Magema), born 187- Rosie's parents were Old Cordil, born 182-, and Mondanta (Kuria-Kuriak), born 185- Baidjabaran and Rosie (Magema) had children (a) Banaii (dead) married Nora (Lorrie) (Alalgilibi) and child is (i) Lightning (Ralnyin) (b) Dick (Ginger), dead (c) Bunny (Buludja), see below Bunny (Buludja) born 1899, married Lennie (Manabodori), born 1897 Children are (1) Baby, killed 1927 (2) Baby, killed 1930 (3) Laurie (Pidja-Lalan), born 1934 (4) Tommy (Mulululu), born 1936 (5) Janie (Ibuluma), born 1937 (6) Katie (Gabud), born 1939 (7) June (Djamadwarigia), born 1944 Bunny (Buludja) - Aged 48 years when the story ends. Fat, lazy and intelligent, a lubra of the Mungari tribe, daughter of Baidjabara and Munga-mer and heroine of this book. Wife of Lennie (Mangabori). Originally given to Old Harry (Old Joe's brother) as wife when she was young. He only lived two years after than and after his death she was given to his brother. Lennie (Mangabori) - Now aged 48 years. Bunny's kalban (husband) and father of seven. A good cook, slow, careful but none too honest, and a money-grabber. Albie (Buradjianun) - Lennie's father, now dead. Wanonmool - Albie's lubra, an Alawa girl. Laurie (Pidjalalan) - Bunny's third child but the first that she allowed to live. Eventually she married a white man. Bunny's other children were Tommy, Jane, Katie and June.] One Eye George Kulunburma 65y Head (Garden boy.) Jeannie Mataranka (dead) Warba Wife Judy Boad 40y Child Long Kitty Child Charlie's Maggie Worwudnandja 70y Wife Daisy Djanmalk Child Old Dakin Bendibow Walaligma 60y Head (Father is Djuiti. Mother is Lorrie Mororo. Horsetailer and tracker.) Judy Boad 40y Child (Father is One Eyed George. Mother is Waraba.) Hector Child Nelson (dead) Child [Thonemann, 1949 Bendibow - An old and trusted Aboriginal worker on The Elsey Station.] David 15y (Mother is Queenie.) Big Mouthed Charlie Ikanagga Head (Father is dead at Roper Valley. ?Larry.) Mary (Dick's) Nuni 14y Wife (Father is deceased. Mother is Old Rosie.) Nugget Jimmy Kakle (Father is Old Billie. Mother is Rosie. George's brother.) Kimberley Dutkari 81y Head (Father is Wallaga-yong.) Mary (dead) Kung-alan.) Wife Smiler Panangala 42y Child Lena (Nancy crossed out) 40y Child (Wife of Tyson.) Molly Child (About Katherine.) Nellie's Paddy Child (Mataranka Police Boy. In pencil at botton is child of Mary Orde.) (Noted on sheet is (1) Nelly's Paddy (Ingal) (2) Smiler (3) Wally (Kumbaying) (4) Lena (Wallanya) (K's daughter)) [Thonemann, 1949 Old Kimberley (Dut'Kari) - Grand old man of the Yungman tribe. Great hunter and tracker. Six foot two inches in height. Mary (Kurgalen) - Old Kimberley's lubra.] Fat Fred Djabalone Head Bessie Muhane Wife (Olna tribe.) Old Johnnie Wolalara Head Daisy Djanmalk Wife Maudie Ibaragba Wife? ______________________________________________________________________________________ Letter dated 3.12.1947 to A P Elkin regarding Elsey tribes and Warreans. Name Tribe King Nym's Maudie Allawa Old Rosie Mungarie Mataranka Nym Youngman Kitty Mungarie Nipper, Dinah & children ? Lightning Mungarie Ida Allawa May Youngman Sandy Rembungie Olive Rembungie Old Maggie Mungarie Fred's Rita Rembungie One Eye George Mungarie Big Mouth Charlie Rembungie Broncho's Maudie Mungarie Dinah Mungarie Dora Mungarie Cranky Dakin Mungarie Big Jack and Daisy's children Mungarie Willie, Eva, Willie, Rita, Henry Hick and Olga's children Sandy, Mungarie Talbot, David, Olive (dead) Warreans of Elsey's Natives Manbulloo Maudie's Jessie & Sheila Jungle Dick's Mary and Larry Mataranka Nym Algy and Mary's Dinah and Dora Clara's Jack and Luch Elsey Paddy's Andrew and Lorna Olga's Sandy, David, Talbot and Olive Big Jack and Daisy's Rita (at Nutwood Station) Sandy Sandy and Olive's Eileen, Joseph and Victor Broncho Maudie's Ida Bunny's Laurie, Roper Tommy, Janie, Katie and June One Eye George's Hector Kimberley's Mary (dead), Nellie's Paddy, Wally, Lena, Smiler _____________________________________________________________________________ Letter to H E Thonemann from A P Elkin dated 18.10.1947 to clear up some inconsistences. (1) Bendibow's mother is Mororo (Laurie) Mororo's father was Noangarang (Cocklie or Goggle Eye) and mother was Bilimang-go A second wife of Noangarang was Ugarilin (?shot by whites) (2) Fat Fred's (Djabalora) mother was Ibwimak and father was Walawarang Her (?has) brother Tudjari (Old Kimberley) (3) Bunny's (Buludja) mother is Mangema Mangema's mother is Kuria-Kuriak (4) Kalyani's (Shadforth Paddy) father was Managwilmura Managwilmura's father was Draglalara (Willie) and mother Malagmalor (Daisy) __________________________________________________________________________________


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